Round cairn on Howenook Pike

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015971

Date first listed: 02-Mar-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round cairn on Howenook Pike
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2018 at 23:43:27.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Cumbria

District: Eden (District Authority)

Parish: Crosby Ravensworth

National Grid Reference: NY 60357 09893

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite minor disturbance to the mound caused by construction of the modern cairn, the round cairn on Howenook Pike survives well. It will retain undisturbed archaeological deposits within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a round cairn located on the summit of Howenook Pike. It includes a circular mound of small pieces of limestone rubble 16m in diameter and up to 1.3m high. The monument is not known to have been excavated, however, the surface of the cairn has been partly rearranged by walkers to form a small modern cairn in the middle of the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22455

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

End of official listing