Bowl barrow 300m SSE of Stevenstone Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1015973

Date first listed: 10-Nov-1950

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Sep-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 300m SSE of Stevenstone Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1015973 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Dec-2018 at 13:24:06.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: East Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Upton Pyne

National Grid Reference: SX 91144 99290

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Limited excavation of this barrow has confirmed the survival of detailed evidence for the barrow's construction and the primary burial, while leaving much of its mound intact and sufficient areas unexcavated to allow preservation of any secondary burials that were made in the barrow. The unusual low-lying position of the Upton Pyne barrow group, its good overall preservation, and the quality of the dating, constructional and artefactual information that it has already produced, have all resulted in its frequent mention in national reviews of Bronze Age funerary monuments.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is a bowl barrow which survives as a low mound, 34m in diameter and 0.5m high, in an arable field. Partial excavation in 1870 revealed a mound constructed in layers over a cremation burial accompanied by a copper- alloy dagger and several beads. This barrow is the westernmost of an E-W cluster of three barrows, locally called the `Three Barrows', spaced 10-25m apart along the S crest of a low ridge. Their position overlooks the centre of the area covered by the Upton Pyne barrow group, which comprises over thirty recorded barrows dispersed about a low-lying alluvial basin north of the confluences of the River Exe with the Rivers Culm and Creedy. Within the overall group, barrows occur both as isolated examples and forming localised clusters, some linear such as this one. Grave goods and a radiocarbon date derived from the few partly-excavated barrows in the group indicate burials during the early and middle Bronze Age (around 2000 - 1000 BC). All of the upstanding barrows of this group present the appearance of unditched bowl barrows, the absence of ditches being supported by aerial photographic evidence and confirmed for all examples that have been excavated.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15016

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Todd, M, The South-West to A.D. 1000, (1987), 148-150
Other
Devon SMR entries for SX 99 NW-119 and -120,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-021 AND -026,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-027,
Devon SMR entry for SX 99 NW-052,
Fox, A., South-West England, (1964)
Title: 1:50000 Map, No. 192: Exeter, Sidmouth & surrounding area Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing