Cairn 430m north west of Quarterwall Cottages, Lundy
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Sep-2019 at 02:09:47.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Torridge (District Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SS 13419 45166
Reasons for Designation
Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of
Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide
and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and
tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from
parts of south west England and south Wales.
Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road)
its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has
meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore
preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory
(c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification,
farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters
surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the
island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and
Cairns are funerary monuments found typically on the upland moors of south
west England, northern Britain and Wales. They generally have mounds of earth
and small stones covering one or more burials which associated artefacts have
identified as being of Bronze Age date (2000-700 BC). Cairns are often
conspicuously sited and may be found close to other contemporary monument
classes, such as standing stones.
The cairns on Lundy together constitute an especially important group. They
survive in a landscape which has been little altered since prehistoric times
and they can therefore be clearly seen and understood in terms of the
topographic setting in which they were built.
The cairn 430m north west of Quarterwall Cottages survives well and is known, from Bronze Age artefacts found at the site, to contain archaeological remains which provide evidence for the cairn's construction and use, as well as the environmental conditions prevalent at the time.
The monument includes a large cairn 430m north west of the Quarterwall
Cottages. The cairn, which is constructed of small and medium sized stones, is
0.4m high at the centre, and 16m in diameter. The cairn appears to have been
untouched by past excavation. A blue bead and flakes of flint, exposed by
rabbits, were found at this site in 1996.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Wainwright, Angus , (1996)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing