Two round barrows, 245m and 340m north west of Barmoor Lodge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016022

Date first listed: 25-Oct-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Oct-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two round barrows, 245m and 340m north west of Barmoor Lodge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Hutton-le-Hole

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 69835 91013, SE 69900 90944

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Barmoor round barrows are good examples of their type. Their importance is heightened by the survival of a further group of four smaller round barrows to the south west.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of two round barrows surviving as upstanding earthworks, 245m and 340m north west of Barmoor Lodge. A group of four further barrows, which are the subject of a separate scheduling (SM 30105), lie about 400m to the south west. The north western barrow survives as a c.15m diameter mound surrounded by a slight depression, up to 3m wide, marking the encircling ditch. The mound stands up to 0.5m high and is pitted with a number of hollows across its surface. The second barrow to the south east is smaller but better preserved, surviving as a c.10m diameter mound standing to 1.2m, also surrounded by a slight 3m wide ditch and topped with a central depression.

Excavations of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found. Shallow ditches and/or stone kerbs immediately encircling the mounds are also quite common.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30104

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing