Group of three bowl barrows 150m east of Rosehill Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016166

Date first listed: 11-Jul-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Group of three bowl barrows 150m east of Rosehill Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Perranzabuloe

National Grid Reference: SW 78601 54057

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced by ploughing, the bowl barrow group east of Rosehill Farm is a compact group which will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a group of three bowl barrows situated 150m east of Rosehill Farm. The barrows are in a line on an approximate east-west alignment on a ridge north of Goonhavern. Two of the group survive as visible mounds whilst the position of the other is indicated by the sparstone and local stone derived from the underlying Devonian geological formations which lie on the ground surface above its position. The two barrows which survive with mounds are those in the centre and to the east of the monument and these are 20m apart. The easternmost barrow mound is 15m in diameter and 0.2m in height whilst the mound of the central barrow is 23m in diameter and 0.5m in height. The barrow on the western side of the group has no visible mound but the stone debris which represents it denotes its position and this covers an oval area about 20m by 12m in a position just over 20m west of the central barrow. Excluded from the scheduling is all fencing, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29626

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Warner, R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in Parish of Perranzabuloe, , Vol. 2, (1963), 68
Other
Thomas, R, Letter to the West Briton, (1851)

End of official listing