Medieval settlement remains immediately south east of Fresden Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016311

Date first listed: 28-Jul-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 08-Dec-1997


Ordnance survey map of Medieval settlement remains immediately south east of Fresden Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2018 at 13:33:22.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Highworth

National Grid Reference: SU 22900 91993


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Medieval rural settlements in England were marked by great regional diversity in form, size and type, and the protection of their archaeological remains needs to take these differences into account. To do this, England has been divided into three broad Provinces on the basis of each area's distinctive mixture of nucleated and dispersed settlements. These can be further divided into sub-Provinces and local regions, possessing characteristics which have gradually evolved during the past 1500 years or more. The South Midlands local region is large, and capable of further subdivision. Strongly banded from south west to north east, it comprises a broad succession of clay vales and limestone or marlstone ridges, complicated by local drifts which create many subtle variations in terrain. The region is in general dominated by nucleated villages of medieval origin, with isolated farmsteads, mostly of post-medieval date, set in the spaces between them. Depopulated village sites are common, and moated sites are present on the claylands.

The medieval settlement remains at Fresden are well preserved and are a fine example of this class of monument.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes medieval settlement remains located between Watchfield Common Wood and Fresden Farm. It is situated on a slight east facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Cole. The main street of the settlement is clearly defined by a hollow way which follows an east-west alignment for approximately 70m before turning sharply to run south for a further 90m. This is flanked on the northern and eastern sides by a number of raised platforms up to 1m high. These vary in size from approximately 48m long and 30m wide to 20m long and 12m wide and represent the sites of houses and outbuildings. Aerial photographs reveal evidence of further settlement features which extend to the north of the earthworks included in this scheduling and also traces of ridge and furrow cultivation to the west. These have been levelled by modern cultivation and are not included in the scheduling. The modern drain cover on the north side of the monument together with all fence posts are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28963

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing