Two barrows immediately north east of Lower Bordean Farm
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1016520
Date first listed: 19-Mar-1999
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Feb-2019 at 00:40:25.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: East Hampshire (District Authority)
National Park: SOUTH DOWNS
National Grid Reference: SU6937424732
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The barrows immediately north east of Lower Bordean Farm survive as a combination of earthworks and buried features. the remains of the barrows represent a rare survival in a relatively low-lying location which has otherwise been subject to intensive agricultural usage. Despite the removal of one of the barrow mounds, both barrows will retain archaeological and environmental information relating to their construction, their use, the contemporary landscape into which they were placed and their relationship to the linear earthworks that survive in the vicinity. Together with other contemporary remains in the vicinity, they will ofer a detailed insight into burial and ritual practice in the area during the Bronze Age.
The monument includes two barrows aligned NNE-SSW and some linear earthworks,
situated on a gentle south facing slope immediately north east of Lower
Bordean Farm. The barrows form part of an original group of five, three of
which survive; the other surviving barrow in the group is the subject of a
separate scheduling. The northern barrow has a sub-circular flat-topped mound
18m in diameter and up to 2.5m in height. Surrounding the mound, but no longer
visible at ground level, is a ditch from which material was quarried for the
barrow's construction. This has a width of approximately 2m. The second barrow
13m, to the south has been levelled and is now scarcely discernible at ground
level but its external quarry ditch is clearly shown as surviving on aerial
photographs as a circular buried feature up to 1.5m in width and 25m in
diameter. A series of linear banks survive in the vicinity of the barrows.
All fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 30259
Legacy System: RSM
Books and journals
Hampshire County Council, , 'East Hampshire' in Hampshire Treasures, , Vol. 6, (1982)
Meridian Airmaps Ltd, 1:10,000 18/84, (1984)
RCHME, NMR No. SU 62 SE 4,
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 6" Series Source Date: 1885 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing