Round barrow on Dunsley Moor, known as Swarth Howe

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016535

Date first listed: 06-Jul-1934

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Dunsley Moor, known as Swarth Howe
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Newholm-cum-Dunsley

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ8430508916

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance the round barrow on Dunsley Moor, known as Swarth Howe has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound. Together with other burial monuments in the area, this barrow is thought to represent a territorial marker. Similar monument groups are known across the west and central areas of the North York Moors and provide valuable insight into burial practice and land division for social and ritual purposes.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earth and stone mound which stands up to 2m high and has a maximum diameter of 25m. The barrow was originally surrounded by a kerb of stones which defined the barrow and supported the mound. However, over the years many of these stones have been taken away or buried by soil slipping off the mound. In the centre of the mound there is a hollow, the result of the partial excavation of the barrow in 1852 by S Anderson. He discovered a cist burial consisting of stone slabs set vertically into a rectangular shape around a cremation and covered with a further stone positioned horizontally. He also found two other cremations, an inhumation burial as well as two jet ornaments and a bone pin. The barrow is one in a line of three (the others are the subject of separate schedulings) and lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments including further barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32039

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 86
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

End of official listing