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Round barrow and two standing stones in Hutton Mulgrave Plantation, 115m west of Swarth Howe

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow and two standing stones in Hutton Mulgrave Plantation, 115m west of Swarth Howe

List entry Number: 1016536

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Hutton Mulgrave

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Oct-1975

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Jul-1999

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32040

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under 1m to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edges of round barrows, and where excavated, associated sub surface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints and pottery. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones which range considerably in depth. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves or meeting points, but their accompanying features show that they also had a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period which often contain deposits of cremation and domestic debris as an integral part. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North York Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments with a high longevity and demonstrate the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Despite limited disturbance the round barrow and two standing stones in Hutton Mulgrave Plantation, 115m west of Swarth House survives well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The relationship between the barrow and the standing stones will provide evidence for the diversity of ritual practice during the Bronze Age. Together with other burial monuments in the area, this barrow is thought to represent a territorial marker. Similar monument groups are known across the west and central areas of the North York Moors and provide valuable insight into burial practice and land division for social and ritual purposes.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow and two adjacent standing stones situated on level moorland at the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing up to 0.6m high. It is round in shape and has a maximum diameter of 14m. In the centre of the mound there is a hollow caused by excavations in the past which extends to the edge of the mound at the north and south. The more westerly standing stone lies 4m from the east edge of the barrow mound. It stands up to 0.8m high and measures 1.2m by 0.6m in section. It has been reused as a boundary marker and has been inscribed with the date 1891 at the east edge of the south face. The second standing stone lies 14m to the east. It stands up to 0.8m high and measures 1m by 0.3m in section. On the east side there are two earthfast boulders set into the ground surface alongside each other and extending for 1.5m from the standing stone. There is an Ordnance Survey trig point between the two standing stones. The barrow is one in a line of three and the monument lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments including further barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 85
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

National Grid Reference: NZ8419408931

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 20-Nov-2017 at 12:38:43.

End of official listing