Standing stone on Brockrigg known as Wade's Stone, 420m south east of Brockrigg Farm

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1016541
Date first listed:
28-Oct-1968
Date of most recent amendment:
02-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Standing stone on Brockrigg known as Wade's Stone, 420m south east of Brockrigg Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
North Yorkshire
District:
Scarborough (District Authority)
Parish:
Barnby
National Park:
NORTH YORK MOORS
National Grid Reference:
NZ8295414414

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone on Brockrigg known as Wade's Stone, 420m south east of Brockrigg Farm is in a good state of preservation. Archaeological deposits within the stone socket and surrounding area will survive intact and will provide important evidence for the construction of the monument and the nature of the rituals associated with its use. The standing stone lies in an area where there is a concentration of prehistoric burial monuments as well as further standing stones. Associated groups of monuments such as this offer scope for the study of developing ritual practice during the prehistoric period.

Details

The monument includes a standing stone situated on a level natural eminence at the north edge of the North York Moors. The standing stone is roughly cut into a rectangular shape which tapers slightly towards the top and leans a little to the north west. It stands up to 1.5m high and measures up to 0.7m by 0.5m in section. The top of the stone is weathered and has several deeply worn grooves. On the south face the letters JS and ES have been inscribed. The standing stone was originally one of two, but the second no longer survives. It stands in an area which includes many prehistoric burial monuments.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
32480
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Other
7402,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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