Round barrow on Newton Mulgrave Moor, 510m south west of Newton Brow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016585

Date first listed: 13-Jul-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Jul-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Newton Mulgrave Moor, 510m south west of Newton Brow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Newton Mulgrave

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 78365 13815

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the barrow 510m south west of Newton Brow survives well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive beneath the barrow mound. The barrow belongs to a group of at least eight burial monuments and such clusters provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze Age. It is situated within an area which includes other monuments dating from the Neolithic to the Iron Age. Associated groups of monuments such as these demonstrate a continuity of occupation throughout the prehistoric period and offer important scope for the study of the distribution and development of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on level moorland at the north edge of the North York Moors. The barrow has an earth and stone mound which measures 17m in diameter and stands up to 1.5m high. In the centre of the mound there is a slight hollow caused by excavations in the past. The barrow was originally one of at least eight spread across the north east side of Newton Mulgrave Moor and lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further barrows, field systems and settlements.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32034

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 84
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

End of official listing