Round barrow on Haw Rigg 550m south east of Job Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016615

Date first listed: 03-Nov-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998


Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on Haw Rigg 550m south east of Job Cross
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Danby


National Grid Reference: NZ 69028 10710


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The survival of excavation records by Canon Atkinson of an associated round barrow adds to the importance of the round barrow 550m south east of Job Cross, as does the earthwork survival of the pair of barrows to the north west. Excavation of other round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. Most barrows include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial mound located on the ridge just down hill of the summit of Haw Rigg. A pair of barrows located on the summit of Haw Rigg, 210m to the north west, are the subject of a separate scheduling. One of four barrows on Haw Rigg is recorded as being extensively excavated by Canon John Atkinson in 1861 or 1862. It was described as being somewhat less than 55 yards in diameter (thus a maximum of 16m in diameter) and at least seven feet high (over 2m). It was constructed as a cairn of stones nine feet high built over a `card-house' of flat slabs built in a hole twelve feet (3.65m) in diameter. Over this internal cairn was piled stony earth containing four small cists, boxes formed with stone slabs, containing cremated bone and charcoal. On the south side of the barrow, near to the upper surface, was a pottery urn, also filled with cremated bone and charcoal, with fragments of a second urn found elsewhere within the mound. The monument is a round barrow constructed of earth and stone, 12m in diameter and 0.6m high, also with a slightly dished top. It is located on level ground, slightly uphill from a break of slope. Early Ordnance Survey maps mark a closely spaced pair of small mounds 50m to the ENE. These are recorded to have disappeared by 1962 and are considered to have been the remains of the barrow excavated by Canon Atkinson. They are not included in the scheduling. Excavation of other barrows has shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of barrows frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30171

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Smith, M J B, Excavated Bronze Age Burial Mounds of Durham and N' land., (1994), 62

End of official listing