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Two round cairns on the northern slope of Metheral Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two round cairns on the northern slope of Metheral Hill

List entry Number: 1016642

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: South Tawton

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28725

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, the latter predominating in areas of upland Britain where such raw materials were locally available in abundance. Round cairns may cover single or multiple burials and are sometimes surrounded by an outer ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major visual element in the modern landscape. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. Dartmoor provides one of the best preserved and most dense concentrations of round cairns in south- western Britain.

The two round cairns on the northern slope of Metheral Hill survive well and contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which they were built. The survival of the kerbs suggests that significant structural information also survives in these mounds. These mounds lie close to a broadly contemporary territorial reave and overlook a large settlement complex. Their prominent position also suggests that they may have also been territorial markers.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument, which falls into two areas, includes two round cairns situated on a north facing slope overlooking the valley of the River Taw. The eastern cairn survives as an 8m diameter and 0.9m high mound. The western cairn lies 40.5m to the west and survives as a 5m diameter and 0.65m high mound denoted on the south by an edge set stone which probably represents a kerb which survives elsewhere as a buried feature. Neither mound has been robbed or investigated using destructive methods.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
MPP Fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1998)

National Grid Reference: SX 62485 90094, SX 62526 90085

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016642 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 03:10:54.

End of official listing