Bowl barrow 175m south west of Elworthy Cross
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1016649
Date first listed: 07-Mar-1974
Date of most recent amendment: 07-Jul-1999
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: North Devon (District Authority)
National Grid Reference: SS 84624 15440
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite reduction in its height through cultivation, the bowl barrow 175m south west of Elworthy cross survives well in a prominent location and contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape. This barrow is one of a group of four which line this ridge.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the prominent upland ridge
known as Witheridge Moor. It is the westernmost of a group of four barrows
which straddle this ridge. The monument survives as a circular mound which
measures 32.5m in diameter and 0.8m high. The surrounding ditch from which
material to construct the mound was derived survives as a buried feature
approximately 3.5m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 32208
Legacy System: RSM
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS81NW2, (1987)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing