Bowl barrow 60m west of Ambleside
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1016665
Date first listed: 02-Jul-1999
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)
Parish: Craven Arms
National Grid Reference: SO 42904 82634
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow 60m west of Ambleside is a well-preserved example of this class of monument. The barrow mound will retain evidence for its method of construction as well as the burial or burials within it. These remains will advance our understanding of Bronze Age society, including the ritual practices and technical abilities of the people who constructed the barrow. The accumulated ditch fills will preserve environmental evidence for the activities which took place at the site during the construction of the barrow, and its subsequent use. In addition, the buried ground surface beneath the mound will preserve evidence for the prehistoric landscape in which the barrow was built. The prominent position the monument makes it a clearly visible landmark.
The monument includes the earthwork and buried remains of a Bronze Age bowl
barrow situated near the top of a north-facing slope from which there
are extensive views of the surrounding countryside.
The barrow mound is of earthen construction and is oval, measuring 26m north-
south and 21m east-west, although it was originally circular with a diameter
of about 25m. It survives to a height of 1.1m. Although no longer visible at
ground level, a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction
of the barrow, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years
but survives as a buried feature approximately 3m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 32289
Legacy System: RSM
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing