Bowl barrow 560m north east of Lord's Hill Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016674

Date first listed: 14-Feb-1955

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Apr-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 560m north east of Lord's Hill Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Longbridge Deverill

National Grid Reference: ST 88397 39899

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 560m north east of Lord's Hill Farm is well preserved and is a good example of this type of monument. It will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated 560m north east of Lord's Hill Farm on the steep south west facing slope of Cow Down, a chalk hill on the eastern edge of the Wylye Valley. The barrow includes a circular flat topped mound 17m in diameter. It is set into the hillside and stands 2.5m higher than the lower slope and 1m higher than the upper slope. A downcut area in the top 2m wide and 0.3m deep is interpreted as an early attempt to excavate the barrow. The mound is surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled and survives as a buried feature 3m wide. The barrow stands immediately to the north west of a single lynchet which forms part of a late prehistoric field system which has been reduced by cultivation but is visible to the north and east in the form of soil marks. These features are not included in the area of scheduling. Another barrow, 500m to the NNW, is the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31674

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1957), 181 (2)

End of official listing