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Round cairn on Newton Moor, 900m north east of Summer Hill Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round cairn on Newton Moor, 900m north east of Summer Hill Farm

List entry Number: 1016679

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Redcar and Cleveland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Guisborough

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Great Ayton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Nov-1969

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32010

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance the cairn on Newton Moor 900m north east of Summer Hill Farm retains significant information about its original form and the burials placed within it. Evidence for earlier land use will also survive beneath the stone mound. The cairn is one of a group of seven burial monuments and such clusters provide important insight into the development of ritual and funerary practice during the Bronze Age. It is also situated within an area which includes other groups of burial monuments as well as field systems, enclosures and clearance cairns. Associated groups of monuments such as these offer important scope for the study of the distribution of prehistoric activity across the landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round cairn situated in a prominent position on a moorland ridge on the edge of the North York Moors. The cairn has a stone mound 7m in diameter and standing up to 0.7m high. In the centre of the mound there is a slight hollow caused by past excavations. The cairn was originally surrounded by a kerb of stones which defined the cairn and supported the mound. However, over the years many of these stones have been taken away or buried by peat accumulating around the edges of the mound, although three are still visible on the south east edge and one or two on the west. On the north west side of the mound there is a boundary stone bearing the legend TL1929 on its south east face and TKS1815 on its north east face. The stone is Listed Grade II. Around the base of the boundary stone there is a modern walkers' cairn. A public bridleway passes to the immediate north west of the cairn and two other public footpaths join at this point. The cairn is one in a group of seven spread along the ridge and lies in an area rich in prehistoric monuments, including further burial monuments, field systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Crawford, G M, Bronze Age Burial Mounds in Cleveland, (1980)
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)

National Grid Reference: NZ 59790 12446

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 05:17:56.

End of official listing