Cross 410m north east of Tregrylls


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016774

Date first listed: 04-Feb-1999


Ordnance survey map of Cross 410m north east of Tregrylls
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Lesnewth

National Grid Reference: SX 12808 89618


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

The medieval wayside cross, 410m north east of Tregrylls, survives well, and is a good example of the uncommon `Latin' form of cross. Although it has been moved it probably marks its original route, the church path from Tregrylls to Lesnewth church. Its reuse as a gatepost and its re-erection on the church path demonstrate well the changing attitudes to religion and their impact on the local landscape since the medieval period. The cross maintains its original function as a waymarker on this church path, fulfilling one of the major roles of such wayside crosses.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a medieval wayside cross, known as the Tregrylls Cross, situated beside a footpath from Tregrylls to Lesnewth. The Tregrylls Cross survives as an upright granite head and shaft mounted on a modern granite base. The overall height of the monument is 1.46m. The head has unenclosed arms, a form called a `Latin' cross, its principal faces orientated north-south. The head measures 0.5m across the side arms, the western of which has been fractured at some time in the past. Both principal faces bear a relief Latin cross which extends down onto the shaft. The shaft measures 0.38m wide and is 0.21m thick. There is an iron hinge attached to the shaft on the north face, from its former reuse as a gatepost. The shaft is mounted in a modern granite base which is roughly triangular in shape. The base measures 1.43m north-south by 1.62m east-west and is 0.11m high. This cross was found in 1988 in use as a gatepost and buried head down in the ground beside the footpath to the north east of Tregrylls, which runs between Tregrylls and Lesnewth church. In 1991 the cross was re-erected close to where it was found. In 1997 the cross was moved approximately 70m north of its previous site, further along this footpath and erected on a new base stone.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31846

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Langdon, A G, Stone Crosses of North Cornwall, (1992)
Title: 1:25000 Ordnance Survey Map; SX 08/18: Pathfinder Series 1325 Source Date: 1986 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing