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Dovecote 250m north west of Barnby Hall

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Dovecote 250m north west of Barnby Hall

List entry Number: 1016791

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Nottinghamshire

District: Newark and Sherwood

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Barnby in the Willows

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 29951

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dovecotes are specialised structures designed for the breeding and keeping of doves as a source of food and as a symbol of high social status. Most surviving examples were built in the period between the 14th and the 17th centuries, although both earlier and later examples are documented. They were generally freestanding structures, square or circular in plan and normally of brick or stone, with nesting boxes built into the internal wall. They were frequently sited at manor houses or monasteries. Whilst a relatively common monument class (1500 examples are estimated to survive out of an original population of c.25,000), most will be considered to be of national interest, although the majority will be listed rather than scheduled. They are also generally regarded as an important component of local distinctiveness and character.

The standing and buried remains of the dovecote 250m north west of Barnby Hall are well preserved. The building retains two phases of nest box design and construction, using two different types of material. The interior, particularly the nesting boxes, the old ground surface beneath the dovecote and any sub-surface features will all retain important archaeological, ecological and environmental evidence. Taken as a whole, the dovecote 250m north west of Barnby Hall will enhance our understanding of the construction and use of dovecotes in the area and their position in the wider landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the standing and below ground remains of a late medieval dovecote, which stands to the rear of Dovecote Farm. The dovecote, which is Listed Grade II, is circular in plan, is constructed of stone rubble surmounted by a row of bricks, and measures approximately 19.2m in circumference and 4.6m high. The roof is conical in shape and tiled, and there is a doorway with a wooden lintel in the north west side which is the only opening in the lower level of the dovecote. A stone ledge runs around the building just below the eaves and a series of pigeon holes are situated just above this on the south side of the dovecote. The interior is lined with nest boxes, although on the north side some of these are now missing. There are two phases of nest box building evident in the dovecote, the earliest being of stone with stone flight ledges beneath each box. Later repairs were made in brick and pantile, with the nest boxes being much more simple in design and situated closer together. A floor, spreading approximately half way across the dovecote, has been inserted. The nest boxes have been used to support the joists which in turn support the floor. A farm building which abuts the dovecote on its northern side, where it falls within the dovecote's protective margin, is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 1 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Severn, J, Dovecotes of Nottinghamshire, (1986), 8

National Grid Reference: SK8594352357

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016791 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 08:28:27.

End of official listing