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Bowl barrow 335m south east of Broadfield Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 335m south east of Broadfield Farm

List entry Number: 1016838

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Tetbury Upton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jul-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32343

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite part of the mound having been removed by unrecorded excavation the barrow 335m south east of Broadfield Farm survives well. The mound will contain evidence for primary and secondary burials, along with grave goods, which will provide information about prehistoric funerary practices, and about the local community at that time. The mound will also preserve environmental information in the buried original ground surface, predating the construction of the barrow providing evidence for the landscape at the time of the barrows construction. In addition, the mound and its surrounding ditch will contain environmental evidence in the form of organic remains relating both to the barrow and the wider landscape within which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on top of a ridge 335m south east of Broadfield Farm. The barrow mound measures 27m in diameter and 1.65m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was excavated for the construction of the barrow. The ditch is no longer visible at ground level, but survives as a buried feature about 3m wide. Part of the mound on the south west side has been removed. This is thought to be the result of unrecorded excavation in the past. The post and wire fence which borders the barrow on its east side is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
O`Neil, H E, Grinsell, L V, 'Proc of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch Soc' in Gloucestershire Barrows, , Vol. LXXIX, (1960), 135

National Grid Reference: ST 90039 94431

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1016838 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 01:19:10.

End of official listing