Bowl barrow 130m south east of Penglaze


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1016887

Date first listed: 05-Oct-1959

Date of most recent amendment: 12-Jul-1999


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 130m south east of Penglaze
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2018 at 18:03:32.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Erme

National Grid Reference: SW 82588 53136


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite cultivation, which has reduced the height of the barrow mound, the bowl barrow 130m south east of Penglaze survives in an unusually low-lying position in contrast to the large group of barrows which lie on higher ground some 2km to the north east at Carland Cross. The waterlogged nature of the land around the barrow will be beneficial for the preservation of buried environmental and archaeological evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was built.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated at the southern foot of the Newlyn Downs, an area of unenclosed moorland until the early 20th century. The barrow is located on a slight rise in an otherwise relatively low lying area below the southern slopes of the downs. The barrow mound has been spread by cultivation but it retains a height of about 0.5m high and has a maximum diameter of 23m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29680

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing