Four bowl barrows 560m south east of New Moor Cross

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017135

Date first listed: 06-Jul-1959

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Oct-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Four bowl barrows 560m south east of New Moor Cross
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017135 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 12-Dec-2018 at 03:42:26.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Knowstone

County: Devon

District: North Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Molland

National Grid Reference: SS 83650 24770, SS 83736 24763, SS 83833 24734, SS 83957 24778

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The four bowl barrows 560m south east of New Moor Cross survive comparatively well, despite reduction in their heights through cultivation and in some cases the building of field boundaries. They will contain archaeological information relating to the construction and use of the monument and also environmental evidence relating to the surrounding landscape.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument, which falls into four separate areas, includes four bowl barrows situated on a high upland ridge overlooking the valleys of tributaries to the Crooked Oak River, in an area known as New Moor. The monument survives as four circular mounds of varying size, and each has a 2-3m wide surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived; in all cases unless otherwise stated, these ditches are preserved as buried features. The group has a linear arrangement aligned approximately east to west. An outlier to the group lies to the north east and this is the subject of a separate scheduling. The western mound measures 22.6m in diameter and is 0.6m high. The next mound to the east measures 19.5m in diameter and up to 0.8m high, its outer ditch visible to the north as a 2m wide flat area. The mound has a circular central depression which measures 4.8m in diameter and is up to 0.4m deep. The east of centre mound measures 18m in diameter and is 0.5m high. The eastern mound measures 23.7m in diameter and 1.2m high and is defined on its southern side by a ditch which measures up to 3m wide and 0.5m deep. All the field boundaries and fences are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32233

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS82SW14, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS82SW2, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS82SW3, (1983)
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS82SW4, (1983)

End of official listing