Windy Cross


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017145

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1954

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Feb-2000


Ordnance survey map of Windy Cross
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Teignbridge (District Authority)

Parish: Dunchideock

National Grid Reference: SX 86288 88436


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Wayside crosses are one of several types of Christian cross erected during the medieval period, mostly from the 9th to 15th centuries AD. In addition to serving the function of reiterating and reinforcing the Christian faith amongst those who passed the cross and of reassuring the traveller, wayside crosses often fulfilled a role as waymarkers, especially in difficult and otherwise unmarked terrain. The crosses might be on regularly used routes linking ordinary settlements or on routes having a more specifically religious function, including those providing access to religious sites for parishioners and funeral processions, or marking long-distance routes frequented on pilgrimages. Over 350 wayside crosses are known nationally, concentrated in south west England throughout Cornwall and on Dartmoor where they form the commonest type of stone cross. A small group also occurs on the North York Moors. Relatively few examples have been recorded elsewhere and these are generally confined to remote moorland locations. Outside Cornwall almost all wayside crosses take the form of a `Latin' cross, in which the cross-head itself is shaped within the projecting arms of an unenclosed cross. In Cornwall wayside crosses vary considerably in form and decoration. The commonest type includes a round, or `wheel', head on the faces of which various forms of cross or related designs were carved in relief or incised, the spaces between the cross arms possibly pierced. The design was sometimes supplemented with a relief figure of Christ and the shaft might bear decorative panels and motifs. Less common forms in Cornwall include the `Latin' cross and, much rarer, the simple slab with a low relief cross on both faces. Rare examples of wheel-head and slab-form crosses also occur within the North York Moors group. Most wayside crosses have either a simple socketed base or show no evidence for a separate base at all. Wayside crosses contribute significantly to our understanding of medieval religious customs and sculptural traditions and to our knowledge of medieval routeways and settlement patterns. All wayside crosses which survive as earth- fast monuments, except those which are extremely damaged and removed from their original locations, are considered worthy of protection.

Despite restoration, Windy Cross is a good example of its class, and its location close to a crossroads reflects its original purpose as a waymarker.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This wayside cross known as Windy Cross, is situated 13m north of the crossroads also known as Windy Cross, at the southern edge of North Wood. It is aligned NNW to SSE. The cross survives as a simple Latin cross which is octagonal in section, and is Listed Grade II. The shaft tapers upwards and measures 0.41m long and 0.26m wide at the base, decreasing to 0.28m long and 0.23m wide at the head. The arms measure 0.74m wide and the whole cross attains a height of 1.41m. An Ordnance Survey benchmark has been inscribed on the western face of the cross, near to its base. The cross was restored in 1952 and a joint is visible 0.25m above the ground.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32225

Legacy System: RSM


Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX88NE2, (1996)

End of official listing