Bowl barrow 570m south of Mitchell Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017349

Date first listed: 20-Nov-1958

Date of most recent amendment: 11-Feb-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 570m south of Mitchell Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Newlyn East

National Grid Reference: SW 85728 53881

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 570m south of Mitchell Farm survives reasonably well, the rounded profile of the upper part of its mound being clearly visible. Although the mound has been slightly truncated to the SSW and north, it remains substantially intact, as will the underlying old land surface and any surviving original deposits associated with the mound and old land surface. Its location adjacent to a ridge top barrow cemetery, illustrates well the important role of topography in Bronze Age funerary activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow, situated above a south west slope on a ridge east of Carland Cross. The barrow has a mound 17m in diameter and rises to 2.3m high. The mound has been truncated and reduced slightly on the SSW where it forms part of a wide roadside verge, running down to the road in an irregular stepped slope. The mound is also truncated around the north, where its cut edge is retained by a curving modern hedgebank; the rounded top of the mound rises from the south of the retaining hedgebank. The monument is closely associated with a group of barrows along the ridge top which is the subject of a seperate scheduling, and together they form a small prehistoric barrow cemetery. The modern road surface to the south of the barrow is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32904

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Henderson, C, 'Parochial Antiquities' in Parochial Antiquities, , Vol. 3, (1916), 209
Other
Fletcher, M, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1970)
Letter 43, Thomas, R, Letter to the West Briton, (1850)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1879 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing