The Battle Stone

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017377

Date first listed: 20-Jul-1933

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jan-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of The Battle Stone
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Akeld

National Grid Reference: NT 96819 29460

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The Battle Stone is reasonably well preserved. It is an undisturbed example of an uncommon feature in the Northumberland landscape. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the discovery of an adjacnent Bronze Age burial.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a standing stone of Bronze Age date situated at the base of Humbleton Hill in a gently sloping field. The standing stone is 1.8m tall by 1m broad and is 1m thick. The stone is granite and has a weathered appearance. It is traditionally associated with the Battle of Homildon Hill in AD 1402, but it is interpreted as prehistoric in origin and associated with a Bronze Age cist discovered in the 19th century several metres to the west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31734

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
NT 92 NE 51,

End of official listing