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Enclosure with hut circles south-west of Penn Beacon

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosure with hut circles south-west of Penn Beacon

List entry Number: 1017397

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: South Hams

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cornwood

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Sep-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10744

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This enclosure with hut circles south-west of Penn Beacon is closely associated with Penn Beacon and Cholwich Town South reaves and several cairns.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This enclosure with hut circles lies on the south-west slope of Penn Beacon and is sub-circular, measuring 60m by 50m, with banks up to 3m in width and 1m in height. There is a probable entrance to the south which is 3m in width and there are traces of orthostatic facing around the bank. There are two huts within the enclosure, one is 10m in diameter with walls 2m in thickness and up to 1m in height and an entrance to the south-east; the other is 5m in diameter with walls 2m in thickness and 0.7m in height.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
SX56SE-004, SX56SE-004, (1990)

National Grid Reference: SX 59760 62755

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017397 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2017 at 12:01:21.

End of official listing