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Cairnfield partly enclosed by a bank, on the east side of Woodclose Gill, Scale Knoll Allotment, Barningham Moor, 550m south of Hurst Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Cairnfield partly enclosed by a bank, on the east side of Woodclose Gill, Scale Knoll Allotment, Barningham Moor, 550m south of Hurst Hill

List entry Number: 1017435

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: County Durham

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Barningham

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 24-Oct-1997

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30473

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Cairnfields are concentrations of cairns sited in close proximity to one another. They often consist largely of clearance cairns, built with stone cleared from the surrounding landsurface to improve its use for agriculture, and on occasion their distribution pattern can be seen to define field plots. However, funerary cairns are also frequently incorporated, although without excavation it may be impossible to determine which cairns contain burials. Clearance cairns were constructed from the Neolithic period (from c.3400 BC), although the majority of examples appear to be the result of field clearance which began during the earlier Bronze Age and continued into the later Bronze Age (2000-700 BC). The considerable longevity and variation in the size, content and associations of cairnfields provide important information on the development of land use and agricultural practices. Cairnfields also retain information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation during the prehistoric period.

This cairnfield survives well, and with its enclosing bank, forms an important part of the prehistoric landscape of Barningham Moor, which includes numerous other cairns, carved rocks and evidence for prehistoric burials, settlements and the agricultural use of the land. This site will therefore contribute to studies of such prehistoric landscapes and the changing patterns of land use over time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a cairnfield composed of between five and eight small cairns and an enclosing bank. It is on Barningham Moor, in the modern sheep- grazing enclosure known as Scale Knoll Allotment. The cairnfield occupies a level area south of the road from Barningham to East Hope, just east of Woodclose Gill. The cairnfield covers an area 80m by 73m and is enclosed on its southern and western sides by a slight bank, which incorporates two of the cairns. The cairns are predominantly between 4m and 5m in diameter and 0.4m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NZ 04875 09008

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017435 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Jan-2018 at 12:28:27.

End of official listing