Two bowl barrows 130m north west of Ropewalk Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1017501

Date first listed: 06-Aug-1997

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows 130m north west of Ropewalk Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Agnes

National Grid Reference: SW 73293 50321

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been reduced by cultivation, the bowl barrows north west of Ropewalk Farm survive as recognisable mounds and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the monument and landscape in which it was built. The barrows were originally part of a linear round barrow cemetery.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two plough-reduced Bronze Age bowl barrows situated north west of Ropewalk Farm, St Agnes. The barrows occupy high ground on a ridge of land between two streams which flow out to the sea on the north Cornish coast about 1.5km to the north west. The two barrows represent the best visible and intact survivors of a linear round barrow cemetery, which originally comprised at least eight barrows stretched along the ridge, one of which produced an urn containing a cremation. The two barrows lie close together separated by a hedge-bank. The southernmost barrow of the pair is enclosed on three sides by a hedge-bank. It survives as a low mound 0.3m high and 18m across. The northernmost barrow lies 40m north east of its neighbour and also survives as a low mound 0.5m high and 19m across. Excluded from the scheduling is all electric and other fencing, fence posts, hedgebanks, and walling, although the ground beneath these features is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29613

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Warner, R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in St Agnes Parish, , Vol. 1, (1962), 113
Warner, R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in Parish of St Agnes, , Vol. 1, (1962), 113
Other
Thomas, R, Letter to the West Briton, (1851)

End of official listing