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The Tong bowl barrow and long barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: The Tong bowl barrow and long barrow

List entry Number: 1017542

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Derbyshire

District: High Peak

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Wormhill

National Park: PEAK DISTRICT

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Dec-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 13354

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Although the surface of The Tong long barrow has been disturbed by stone robbing, the old land surface on which burials were placed is still largely intact. The later bowl barrow is also reasonably well preserved and both contain significant archaeological remains. The superimposition of the Bronze Age barrow on the earlier Neolithic barrow indicates the continued importance of the earlier burial focus. Together the two barrows demonstrate changing burial practices during these two periods.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument is situated on the limestone plateau of Derbyshire, north of Wye Dale, and includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow and a Neolithic long barrow within a single constraint area. The bowl barrow is a roughly circular mound with a diameter of c.15m and a height of c.1m. It is superimposed on the south- eastern end of the long barrow which is c.0.5m high and measures c.40m long from north-west to south-east and ranges from c.20m at the wider, south- eastern end to c.10m at the narrower, north-western end. There has been no definitely recorded excavation of the monument but both barrows have been identified by their form and by their similarity to other known examples, by which the monument can be dated to the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. Both barrows have been somewhat disturbed by stone robbing, either for walling at the time of the Enclosures or to feed the limekiln in the adjacent field. The drystone wall crossing the northern edge of the monument is excluded from the scheduling but the ground underneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bray, W, Sketch of a Tour into Derbyshire and Yorkshire, (1783)
Marsden, B M, The Burial Mounds of Derbyshire , (1977)

National Grid Reference: SK 11693 76993

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017542 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 07:53:56.

End of official listing