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South Flat Howe round barrow

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: South Flat Howe round barrow

List entry Number: 1017829

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Farndale East

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 27-Feb-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Mar-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30138

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Excavation of round barrows on the North Yorkshire Moors have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that the barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. Flat Howe round barrow is a good example of its type and despite the small central depression, probably left by a 19th century antiquarian, is largely undisturbed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the remains of a round barrow surviving as an upstanding earthwork within heather moorland, 900m WSW of where the path called Jackson's Road meets the Castleton to Hutton-le-Hole road. The barrow survives as a 17m diameter mound, rounded in profile, standing up to 1.2m high with a 3m diameter depression about 0.4m deep marking its centre. Around the foot of the barrow there are slight indications of a silted encircling ditch which excavations of similar barrows on the moors have demonstrated are fairly common features.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NZ 66705 00397

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017829 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 21-Nov-2017 at 06:31:06.

End of official listing