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Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, two cairns and section of field system 330m north east of Hemstone Rocks

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, two cairns and section of field system 330m north east of Hemstone Rocks

List entry Number: 1017986

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Dartmoor Forest

National Park: DARTMOOR

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 16-Jun-1976

Date of most recent amendment: 24-Jul-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28674

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite afforestation, the unenclosed stone hut circle settlement, section of field system and two cairns 330m north east of Hemstone Rocks survive well and contain archaeological structures, features and deposits relating to prehistoric exploitation of this area. The presence of two cairns and a small area of field system in such close proximity to the settlement is unusual and provides information about the integration of domestic, agricultural and ritual practices.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes seven stone hut circles, two cairns and an area of field system situated on a gentle east facing slope overlooking the valley of the South Teign River. The hut circles survive as banks each surrounding an internal circular area which varies from 8 to 28.26 square metres with the average being 15.72 square metres. The height of the surrounding walls varies between 0.3m and 0.6m, with the average being 0.44m. Two of the huts have visible doorways and the walls are of orthostatic or rubble bank construction. The cairns lie immediately north of the settlement and both were partly excavated by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee in 1901. The western structure is a ring cairn and survives as a 6.2m diameter central area surrounded by a 0.5m wide and 0.4m high bank. The second cairn lies close to the first and survives as an 8m diameter and 0.8m high mound, with two separate pits cut into its surface. These pits are probably the result of the work carried out by the Dartmoor Exploration Committee.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW2.1,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW2.2,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW3.1,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW3.2,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW3.3,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW3.4,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW3.5,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW3.6,
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX68SW3.7,
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., SM 28674, (1997)

National Grid Reference: SX 64811 83777

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1017986 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 19-Nov-2017 at 04:31:00.

End of official listing