Bowl barrow 220m north west of Oxwold House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018160

Date first listed: 03-Jan-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 29-Apr-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 220m north west of Oxwold House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Gloucestershire

District: Cotswold (District Authority)

Parish: Barnsley

National Grid Reference: SP 07242 06934

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 220m north west of Oxwold House is a comparatively well preserved example of its class of monument which, despite early excavations still exhibits much of its original profile. The barrow will contain archaeological remains providing information about Bronze Age beliefs, economy and environment.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a gentle south east facing slope immediately below the crest of Barnsley Wold. The barrow has a mound 26m in diameter and 1.7m high, in the centre of which is a large depression that extends out into the west side of the mound and is presumably the result of an unrecorded antiquarian investigation. Although no trace of the ditch surrounding the mound can be seen on the surface, it will survive as a buried feature 3m wide. In 1938 Mrs O'Neil noted a possible cist in the centre, along with five upright stones of a retaining kerb around the east edge, but these features are no longer visible.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 29783

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing