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Enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 440m north west of Rough Bottom on Midgeley Moor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 440m north west of Rough Bottom on Midgeley Moor

List entry Number: 1018234

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Calderdale

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Hebden Royd

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jun-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31483

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

An enclosed Bronze Age urnfield is a burial ground in which cremations, usually placed in cinerary urns, were interred within a circular enclosure up to 30m in diameter. This was formed by either a ditch, a bank, or a bank within a stone circle. There was normally an entrance or causeway allowing access into the enclosure, where a central mound or standing stone is sometimes found. Excavated examples are known to date to the Middle Bronze Age between the 16th and 11th centuries BC. Enclosed Bronze Age urnfields are largely found in the north of England, mainly in Yorkshire, Cumbria and Northumberland, although their distribution also extends into Scotland. They are a rare type of Bronze Age burial monument, with fewer than 50 identified examples and provide an important insight into beliefs and social organisation during this period. All positively identified examples are considered to be nationally important

The enclosed Bronze Age urnfield 440m north west of Rough Bottom on Midgely Moor survives well, despite a small amount of disturbance by past excavations. It will retain cremation burials and other archaeological information. It is one of several such sites in the Calderdale area.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age urnfield and its enclosing bank. It is situated on the edge of a natural terrace 440m north west of Rough Bottom on Midgeley Moor. The bank is subcircular, approximately 41m in diameter, 7m wide and 0.5m high. There are traces of an internal ditch, and a small earth mound near the centre of the ring. This mound was excavated in 1933 and produced half a quern. Previous excavations in 1897 had produced burnt human bone and fragments of prehistoric pottery. A fence which crosses the southern edge of the monument is excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Roth, H L, Yorkshire Coiners and Old Halifax, (1906), 306
Harwood, H W, 'Halifax Courier and Guardian' in Halifax Courier and Guardian, (1953)
Wilkinson, T, 'Record of the Scientific Society' in Record of the Scientific Society, (1897), 99

National Grid Reference: SE 01336 27387

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018234 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 25-Nov-2017 at 05:50:51.

End of official listing