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Ring cairn 310m north of Woodhead on Harden Moor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Ring cairn 310m north of Woodhead on Harden Moor

List entry Number: 1018237

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Bradford

District Type: Metropolitan Authority

Parish: Harden

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jun-1998

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 31487

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples. Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form, all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

The ring cairn 310m north of Woodhead survives well and retains important archaeological information. It is one of a group of cairns on Harden Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a ring cairn, situated on Harden Moor, on level ground 310m north of Woodhead. The cairn is about 13m in overall diameter. It consists of a circular heather-covered bank approximately 2.5m wide and attaining a maximum height of 0.4m. There are orthostats forming a kerb on the inside edge of the bank, and a possible outer kerb is formed by well-embedded recumbent stones, about 0.5m across. These stones are most visible on the east side. On the west side a short stretch of bank has been disturbed and there are two earth mounds protruding 5m from the inner kerb. These may relate to an excavation in 1959 which recovered prehistoric pottery. A small hole 0.5m wide near the centre of the cairn may also relate to this excavation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Ring barrow, Harden Moor, (1987)

National Grid Reference: SE 07490 38675

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018237 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 16-Dec-2017 at 01:11:39.

End of official listing