Bowl barrow at New England, West End Common
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 28-Feb-2021 at 20:05:35.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Surrey Heath (District Authority)
- West End
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 93618 61290
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Although it has suffered from some subsequent disturbance, the bowl barrow at New England survives well and will retain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and original use.
The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a low sandstone ridge
overlooking lower-lying heathland to the south. The barrow has a roughly
circular mound 16m in diameter and up to 1m high, partly disturbed by long
term use of an east-west aligned public bridleway which crosses the monument.
Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material used to construct the
barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years but survives as
a buried feature up to 2m wide. The northern side of the ditch has been
partly disturbed by a deep depression, part of a modern sports cycling route.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing