Long barrow 540m south west of Sanders's Cross

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018517

Date first listed: 15-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 540m south west of Sanders's Cross
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: West Putford

National Grid Reference: SS 35882 13678

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 examples of long barrows and long cairns, their counterparts in the uplands, are recorded nationally. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

Despite ploughing, the long barrow 530m WSW of Sanders's Cross survives well and contains archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. This is one of only a few long barrows recorded in Devon.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a Neolithic long barrow situated on a high ridge top location with clear views to Dartmoor, Exmoor and Bodmin Moor. The monument survives as a sub- rectangular mound which measures 53.6m long, 21.3m wide and is 0.9m high. The barrow is aligned approximately east to west. The surrounding quarry ditch, from which material to construct the mound was derived, survives as a 3.4m wide buried feature and is clearly visible on several aerial photographs. Over the years numerous flint artefacts, including scrapers, have been recovered from the field surface close to the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30346

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SS31SE36, (1988)

End of official listing