Hut circle 625m south west of John O'Groat's House, Lundy

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018548

Date first listed: 17-Jun-1970

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Jun-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hut circle 625m south west of John O'Groat's House, Lundy
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SS 13105 47313

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Lundy is a small, steep sided island in the Bristol Channel, 16m north of Hartland Point, north Devon. Aligned north-south, it is 6km long by 1km wide and supports a predominately moorland vegetation. The 100m high cliffs and tabular form give it a striking appearance, visible in clear weather from parts of south west England and south Wales. Lundy's remoteness and (until the 19th century construction of the Beach Road) its inaccessibility, combined with a lack of shelter and cultivable soils, has meant that it has escaped more recent occupation or development. It therefore preserves a remarkable variety of archaeological sites from early prehistory (c.8000 BC) onwards, representing evidence for habitation, fortification, farming and industry. There are also archaeological remains in the waters surrounding the island - over 150 shipwrecks are already recorded. Most of the island's archaeology is well documented from detailed survey in the 1980s and 1990s.

Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone- based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The hut circle 625m south west of John O'Groat's house is well preserved and forms an outlier to an extensive area of settlement at North End.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a hut circle 625m south west of John O'Groat's House, Lundy. The hut circle is a roughly oval ring of boulders which formed the footings for the walls enclosing an area roughly 12m by 8m. It lies open on the east side where stones have been removed. This forms an outlier to the area of prehistoric settlement at Lundy's north end, which is the subject of a separate scheduling.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 27648

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Thackray, C, The National Trust Archaeological Survey, (1989)

End of official listing