Roman period native settlement in Danefield Wood, 490m south west of Stubbings Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018551

Date first listed: 21-Jan-1999


Ordnance survey map of Roman period native settlement in Danefield Wood, 490m south west of Stubbings Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Leeds (Metropolitan Authority)

Parish: Otley

National Grid Reference: SE 21865 44578


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Pennine uplands of northern England contain a wide variety of prehistoric remains, including cairns, enclosures, carved rocks, settlements and field systems. These are evidence of the widespread exploitation of these uplands throughout later prehistory. During the last millennium BC a variety of different types of enclosed settlements developed. These include hillforts, which have substantial earthworks and are usually located on hilltops. Other types of enclosed settlement of this period are less obviously defensive, as they have less substantial earthworks and are usually in less prominent positions. In the Pennines a number of late prehistoric enclosed settlements survive as upstanding monuments. Where upstanding earthworks survive, the settlements are between 0.4ha and 10ha in area, and are usually located on ridges or hillside terraces. The enclosing earthworks are usually slight, most consisting of a ditch with an internal bank, or with an internal and external bank, but examples with an internal ditch and with no ditch are known. They are sub-circular, sub-rectangular, or oval in shape. Few of these enclosed settlements have been subject to systematic excavation, but they are thought to date from between the Late Bronze Age to the Romano-British period (c.1000 BC-AD 400). Examples which have been excavated have presented evidence of settlement. Some appear to have developed from earlier palisaded enclosures. Unexcavated examples occasionally have levelled areas which may have contained buildings, but a proportion may have functioned primarily as stock enclosures. Enclosed settlements are a distinctive feature of the late prehistory of the Pennine uplands, and are important in illustrating the variety of enclosed settlement types which developed in many areas of Britain at this time. Examples where a substantial proportion of the enclosed settlement survives are considered to be nationally important.

The Roman period native settlement in Danefield Wood survives well. It may be contemporary with a similar settlement site in nearby Poolscar Wood. It is outside the region in which such settlements are thought typical, and thus provides a significant contribution to the understanding of the nature and distribution of Romano-British settlements in northern England.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a rubble-banked enclosure with several internal subdivisions, and at least one hut circle. The enclosure is bisected by a prehistoric bank running north-south, which continues for some distance north of the enclosure. It is situated in Danefield Wood, near Otley, and is cut by the modern east-west track through the wood. The banks are composed of boulders with occasional smaller stones, and are typically 2.5m-3m wide and up to 1m high. The bank forming the south west side of the enclosure is fragmentary and less well-defined than the remainder. South of the track on the east side of the north-south bank is a sub-circular level area. Trial excavation by West Yorkshire Archaeology Service in 1996-97 confirmed this to be a hut circle.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31500

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing