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Three round barrows forming the core of a dispersed barrow cemetery on Idstone Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three round barrows forming the core of a dispersed barrow cemetery on Idstone Down

List entry Number: 1018655

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: Vale of White Horse

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Ashbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 03-Jan-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Nov-1998

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 28147

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them, contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

These three barrows on Idstone Down survive well despite part excavation of two of the mounds. Archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction, function and landscape in which the barrows were built will survive buried within the mounds, beneath them and within the infilled ditches. The barrows form the focus of a wider group around which other prehistoric activity is believed to be concentrated.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three Bronze Age round barrows which form the core of a dispersed linear barrow cemetery situated on the crest of Idstone Down. The three barrows forming this monument along with a further nine barrows, some of which are scheduled separately, run roughly north west to south east with this concentrated group lying roughly at the centre. All three barrows survive as upstanding earthworks and are located in a line oriented roughly east to west. The barrows' central mounds measure, from east to west, 18m, 18m and 16.5m in diameter and they stand 1.5m, 1.6m and 1.3m high respectively. The barrows all lie close together and would originally have been surrounded by interlocking ditches which have become infilled by past cultivation. These ditches will however survive buried below the modern ground level. The central and eastern barrows both have central depressions which are the result of antiquarian investigation, no details of which are known. More recent field recording in the area identified a large concentration of flint cores and tools numbering over 1400 items, situated in the field immediately west of the barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Tingle, , Gaffney, , 'British Archaeological Report' in The Maddle Farm Project, , Vol. 200, (1989), 29
Other
PRN 7340, C.A.O., Barrow Group, (1989)

National Grid Reference: SU 27499 81018

Map

Map
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© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018655 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 09:38:54.

End of official listing