Peat Hill round cairn 575m north west of Pannierman Bridgestone, on Glaisdale High Moor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018738

Date first listed: 25-Oct-1968

Date of most recent amendment: 02-Dec-1998

Map

Ordnance survey map of Peat Hill round cairn 575m north west of Pannierman Bridgestone, on Glaisdale High Moor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018738 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2018 at 04:33:31.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Glaisdale

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 72810 01791

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round cairns are prehistoric funerary monuments dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as stone mounds covering single or multiple burials. These burials may be placed within the mound in stone-lined compartments called cists. In some cases the cairn was surrounded by a ditch. Often occupying prominent locations, cairns are a major visual element in the modern landscape. They are a relatively common feature of the uplands and are the stone equivalent of the earthen round barrows of the lowlands. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Peat Hill is a good example of a round cairn. Excavations of similar monuments in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is they were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. Most include a small number of grave goods. These are often small pottery food vessels, but stone, bone, jet and bronze items have also occasionally been found. Excavation has also shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of barrows frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits. Despite the damage caused in the 1980s, over 50% of the original upstanding mound survives undisturbed. Buried remains underneath the area damaged are also considered to survive undisturbed and are expected to include important archaeological information.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and standing remains of a prehistoric burial mound located on the north east side of Peat Hill hilltop on Glaisdale High Moor. The round cairn survives as a 20m diameter mound of stones standing up to 1.5m high topped by a modern conical shaped cairn. The mound, which includes very little earth, includes a very wide range of stone sizes, the biggest being up to 1m across. In the early to mid-1980s, the mound was damaged when 25-33% of the mound on the north western side was turned over down to about 0.2m above the surrounding ground surface. Two piles of stones taken from the mound now lie just to the north west.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30159

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing