Round barrow on the summit of Brown Hill

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018769

Date first listed: 04-Feb-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow on the summit of Brown Hill
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018769 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2018 at 03:20:02.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Redcar and Cleveland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Lockwood

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Commondale

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: NZ 67452 11278

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Excavation of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. The majority of round barrows in the region were dug into by 19th century antiquarians in search of burials and artefacts, leaving behind a central depression as evidence of their work. However, excavations in the latter half of the 20th century have shown that round barrows typically contain archaeological information that survives earlier digging. Sometimes a secondary burial was mistaken for the primary burial which was the usual goal of the antiquarian. Even when the primary burial has been excavated, further secondary burials often survive in the undisturbed surrounding part of the mound. Additional valuable information about the mound's construction and the local environment at the time of its construction will also survive antiquarian excavation.

Despite some earlier disturbance, the round barrow on the summit Brown Hill survives reasonably well and will retain significant archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial mound sited on the boundary between North Yorkshire and Redcar and Cleveland, on the summit of Brown Hill which forms the southern side of Moorsholm Moor. It lies towards the centre of a line of at least 11 round barrows which are spread along the ridge from Stanghowe Moor in the north west to the barrows on Three Howes Rigg 1km to the south east, the whole line extending for just over 3km.

The barrow on Brown Hill is prominently sited, on the south eastern side of the small plateaux which forms the summit of the hill. It is 13m in diameter standing up to 0.6m high with a central depression 2m across and a boundary stone 1m to the south west of the centre of the mound, which is included in the scheduling.

Excavation of other barrows has shown that shallow ditches immediately encircling the mounds are common, normally surviving as infilled features rather than as earthworks. The infill of these ditches will also contain valuable information about changes in the local environment from the Bronze Age onwards.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 30189

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing