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Round barrow on the summit of Brown Hill

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow on the summit of Brown Hill

List entry Number: 1018769

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Redcar and Cleveland

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Lockwood

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Commondale

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Feb-1999

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 30189

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Excavation of round barrows in the region have shown that they demonstrate a very wide range of burial rites from simple scatters of cremated material to coffin inhumations and cremations contained in urns, typically dating to the Bronze Age. A common factor is that barrows were normally used for more than one burial and that the primary burial was frequently on or below the original ground surface, often with secondary burials located within the body of the mound. The majority of round barrows in the region were dug into by 19th century antiquarians in search of burials and artefacts, leaving behind a central depression as evidence of their work. However, excavations in the latter half of the 20th century have shown that round barrows typically contain archaeological information that survives earlier digging. Sometimes a secondary burial was mistaken for the primary burial which was the usual goal of the antiquarian. Even when the primary burial has been excavated, further secondary burials often survive in the undisturbed surrounding part of the mound. Additional valuable information about the mound's construction and the local environment at the time of its construction will also survive antiquarian excavation.

Despite some earlier disturbance, the round barrow on the summit Brown Hill survives reasonably well and will retain significant archaeological remains.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes the buried and earthwork remains of a prehistoric burial mound sited on the boundary between North Yorkshire and Redcar and Cleveland, on the summit of Brown Hill which forms the southern side of Moorsholm Moor. It lies towards the centre of a line of at least 11 round barrows which are spread along the ridge from Stanghowe Moor in the north west to the barrows on Three Howes Rigg 1km to the south east, the whole line extending for just over 3km.

The barrow on Brown Hill is prominently sited, on the south eastern side of the small plateaux which forms the summit of the hill. It is 13m in diameter standing up to 0.6m high with a central depression 2m across and a boundary stone 1m to the south west of the centre of the mound, which is included in the scheduling.

Excavation of other barrows has shown that shallow ditches immediately encircling the mounds are common, normally surviving as infilled features rather than as earthworks. The infill of these ditches will also contain valuable information about changes in the local environment from the Bronze Age onwards.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: NZ 67452 11278

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018769 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 05:12:45.

End of official listing