An unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 1.1km south east of Gartaven Ford, south west of Rippator

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018788

Date first listed: 16-Apr-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of An unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 1.1km south east of Gartaven Ford, south west of Rippator
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Gidleigh

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 64060 87641

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The unenclosed stone hut circle settlement 1.1km south east of Gartaven Ford, south west of Rippator survives well and forms part of a group of at least six similar settlements overlooking a substantial natural basin formed by the North Teign River, the Gallaven Brook and Walla Brook. Together this group of settlements represent an important insight into this particular form of relatively rare prehistoric settlement.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes an unenclosed stone hut circle settlement and cairn lying on an east facing slope overlooking the valley of the River North Teign. The settlement survives as a linear cluster of five stone hut circles, each surviving as a bank surrounding a circular internal area. Their interiors vary from 4.15 square metres to 14.51 square metres, with the average being 11.53 square metres. The height of the surrounding walls vary between 0.4m and 0.7m, with the average being 0.56m. Four of the huts have visible doorways and the walls themselves survive as earthworks. The cairn lies a short distance east of the stone hut circles and survives as a 5m diameter mound standing up to 0.7m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 28693

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard, Gerrard, S., (1997)

End of official listing