Stone hut circle settlement in Clayton Wood on the south west side of Iveson Drive
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 19-Oct-2019 at 10:24:23.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Leeds (Metropolitan Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SE 25803 38595
Reasons for Designation
Stone hut circles and hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of
prehistoric farmers. Most date from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-
based round-houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor
area; the remains of the turf, thatch or heather roofs are not preserved. The
huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or
be enclosed by a bank of earth or stone. Frequently traces of their associated
field systems may be found immediately around them. These may be indicated by
areas of clearance cairns and/or the remains of field walls and other
enclosures. The longevity of use of hut circle settlements and their
relationship with other monument types provides important information on the
diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric
communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a
substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The stone hut circle settlement in Clayton Wood survives well. It is part of a wider area of prehistoric settlement which includes the stone hut circle settlement in Iveson Wood nearby, the subject of a separate scheduling.
The monument includes an enclosed stone hut circle settlement in Clayton Wood,
between Woodside Quarry and Iveson Drive. It consists of an irregular rubble-
banked enclosure with a probable hut circle at its east corner, and with
rubble and orthostatic field walls attached to it. The enclosure bank is
3m wide and 0.3m high and is made of sandstone rubble. There is a mound of
sandstone rubble at the side of a modern footpath which crosses the enclosure;
this may represent the disturbed remains of an internal division of the
enclosure. The probable hut circle lies at the east corner of the enclosure,
and takes the form of a sub-circular hollow bounded on its south and east
sides by a slight stony bank. Substantial remains of prehistoric field walls
are attached to the north and east sides of the enclosure. These are formed of
rubble, 3m wide, faced on both sides with orthostats. Additional, less
distinct, prehistoric field boundaries are visible west of the enclosure, from
which stone may have been removed to build modern walls such as the wall on
the west edge of the monument, and these are also included in the scheduling.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing