Round barrow known as Gospel Hill, 80m south west of Pasture House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1018922

Date first listed: 10-Dec-1936

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Mar-1999

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow known as Gospel Hill, 80m south west of Pasture House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1018922 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 17-Dec-2018 at 02:20:07.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Thornton Watlass

National Grid Reference: SE 22781 86204

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although altered by agricultural activity this barrow has survived as an earthwork and significant information about the original form, burials placed within it and evidence of earlier land use beneath the mound will be preserved. It is one of a wider group of barrows in the area providing important insight into burial practice. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social and ritual purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow situated in a prominent position on the top of a natural rise lying in undulating land in Lower Wensleydale. The barrow has an earth and stone mound standing approximately 1.5m high. It is round in shape, measuring 15m in diameter. The mound is surrounded by a quarry ditch which is up to 3m wide and 0.5m deep on the northern side. On the other sides it has been partly infilled over the years and now survives as a shallow depression. There is large hollow in the centre of the mound, measuring 5m in diameter and 0.5m deep, which is the result of investigations by earlier researchers. The monument is part of a wider group of similar prehistoric monuments located in the lowlands east of the Yorkshire Dales.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 31358

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Thubron S et al, EH FMW AM 107 Report, (1983)

End of official listing