Bowl barrow 330m south west of the junction of the A32 and Fawley Lane, part of The Jumps round barrow cemetery
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 27-Feb-2021 at 10:40:03.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- East Hampshire (District Authority)
- West Tisted
- National Park:
- SOUTH DOWNS
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 66536 28088
Reasons for Designation
Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.
Bowl barrows are the most numerous form of round barrows and date from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. The bowl barrow 330m south west of the junction of the A32 and Fawley Lane survives reasonably well despite some later disturbance. Along with the other barrows in the cemetery, it can be expected to retain important archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes a bowl barrow inconspicuously situated on a slight,
south facing chalk slope 330m south west of the junction of the A32 and Fawley
Lane, near West Tisted. It forms part of a round barrow cemetery of probable
Bronze Age date (2000-700 BC) known locally as The Jumps or The Devil's Jumps.
Seven additional round barrows which also form part of the cemetery, situated
between 75m and 375m to the east, are the subject of separate schedulings.
The bowl barrow includes a slightly oval shaped mound with a maximum diameter
of 33m where it spreads down the slope. Its height was originally recorded by
the Ordnance Survey in 1910 as 0.9m, but it has been considerably lowered and
spread by modern ploughing and now survives to a height of 0.4m. There is no
trace of a surrounding quarry ditch, although this will survive as a buried
feature, approximately 2m wide. Further buried remains associated with the
original use of the monument, including burials, grave pits, and grave goods,
can be expected to survive beneath the mound.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing