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Round barrow 230m south west of Killiganoon Manor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Round barrow 230m south west of Killiganoon Manor

List entry Number: 1019157

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Feock

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 08-Jun-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Jul-2000

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 32919

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow 230m south west of Killiganoon Manor survives particularly well. Despite the relatively recent slight modifications and the addition of an earthwork on the north side, it remains almost intact, as will the underlying old land surface and any surviving original deposits associated with it. Its location on a ridge top illustrates the important role of topography in Bronze Age funerary activity.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The scheduling includes a prehistoric round barrow, situated on level ground towards the south of a ridge east of Carnon Downs. The barrow has a prominent earth and stone mound approximately 18m in diameter and 4.5m high, with regular steep sides. It has a fairly flat top around 5.2m across which may have been levelled relatively recently. The barrow has been modified by the cutting of a path, 0.5m wide and levelled in by 0.3m on the west side, which curves northwards to the top of the mound, and by the construction of a substantial ramp-like earthwork which abuts the mound from ground level on the north side. This earthwork, which is included in the scheduling, measures approximately 22m long, north-south, by 9.5m wide at its northern end, broadening to 16m wide at the southern end, and rises to 1.5m high. Its east side, north of its junction with the barrow mound, is cut by a pit 10m across and 1.5m deep used for the extraction of stone or other material. The northern part of the earthwork has been truncated slightly on the west side to accommodate a modern silage clamp. The modern materials used for blocking the gateway on the south side are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Pett, D E, The Parks and Gardens of Cornwall, (1998), 90-91
Other
Hooley, D to Parkes, C, (1999)
Mercer, R, AM7, (1970)
SW 84 SW 10, JP, Ordnance Survey Index Card, (1968)
Title: Feock Tithe Apportionment Source Date: 1840 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Lanhydrock Atlas Source Date: 1695 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1880 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1907 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1970 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey Index Card Source Date: 1968 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: SW 84 SW 10

National Grid Reference: SW 80516 40485

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1019157 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 03:04:10.

End of official listing