Round barrow 710m NNE of Waterloo Farm, the southernmost of three round barrows in Far Moor Plantation

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019349

Date first listed: 24-May-1951

Date of most recent amendment: 10-Oct-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow 710m NNE of Waterloo Farm, the southernmost of three round barrows in Far Moor Plantation
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Sproxton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 58210 81952

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The majority of round barrows in the region were dug into by 19th century antiquarians in search of burials and artifacts, leaving behind a central depression as evidence of their work. However excavations in the latter half of the 20th century have shown that round barrows typically contain archaeological information that survives earlier digging. Secondary burials tend to be located within the main body of the mound and sometimes one of these was mistaken for the primary burial which was usually the goal of the antiquarian. Even when the primary burial has been excavated, further secondary burials often survive in the undisturbed surrounding part of the mound and infilled ditch. Additional valuable information about the mound's construction and the local environment at the time of its construction will also survive antiquarian excavation. The round barrow 710m NNE of Waterloo Farm is one of three well preserved round barrows on Far Moor which together form an important group.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes earthwork and associated buried remains of a prehistoric burial mound within Far Moor Plantation, located on the south eastern side of Westwood Rigg. The monument is the largest of a group of three intervisible round barrows on the top of the rigg. It is sited on a gentle south east facing slope, 170m SSE of a barrow located on the northern side of the rigg and 110m SSW of a barrow on the spine of the rigg, both being the subjects of separate schedulings. With the northernmost barrow of the group, the monument appears to be visually aligned with Easterside Hill, a very prominent natural hill, 9km to the NNW, just north east of Hawnby. The round barrow is a 20m diameter mound standing 1.5m high measured from the uphill side, 2m high from the downhill side. It has a shallow 4m by 4m central depression thought to be the result of an unrecorded antiquarian excavation, with spoil spread across its southern quadrant. Excavation of other examples of round barrows in the region have shown that even where no encircling depression is discernible on the modern ground surface, ditches immediately around the outside of the mound frequently survive as infilled features, containing additional archaeological deposits. A margin to allow for such an infilled ditch up to 2m wide is thus also included within the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32678

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing