Round barrow known as Goodern Barrow, 550m east of St Michael's Church

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019501

Date first listed: 15-Jul-1966

Date of most recent amendment: 05-Jan-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow known as Goodern Barrow, 550m east of St Michael's Church
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Kea

National Grid Reference: SW 77756 43202

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The round barrow known as Goodern barrow, 550m east of St Michael's Church survives well. Despite evidence for some relatively recent modification of its top, the mound remains substantially intact. The underlying old land surface, and any surviving original deposits associated with the mound and old land surface, will also remain.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The scheduling includes a prehistoric round barrow, situated on level ground on top of a ridge north of the Carnon River valley. The barrow has a sub- circular earth and stone mound measuring approximately 18.2m WNW-ESE by 16.5m NNE-SSW and 2m high. It has a regular profile with fairly steep sides and a flat top around 9.3m across. A roughly square concrete plinth some 1.4m across is set in the edge of the top on the south side. The barrow is closely associated with a group of round barrows beyond this scheduling, together forming a ridge-top barrow cemetery.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 32927

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
McLauchlan, H, 'Annual Report of the Royal Institution of Cornwall' in Observations in some ancient camps and tumuli, , Vol. 29, (1848)
Tonkin, T, 'History and Antiquities of Cornwall' in History and Antiquities of Cornwall, (1702), 61
Other
PRN 9007, Johnson, N, Cornwall SMR, (1975)
Sheppard, P, AM12, (1980)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1880 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:2500 Map Source Date: 1907 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing