Hender Barrow

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019727

Date first listed: 29-Jul-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Sep-2000

Map

Ordnance survey map of Hender Barrow
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: Torridge (District Authority)

Parish: Halwill

National Grid Reference: SX 45766 97689

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite the removal of part of the north east quadrant of the mound to construct a workshop, the vehicular access which cuts the mound on its western side, and the possible earlier excavation trench across the centre of the mound, Hender Barrow survives comparatively well and will contain archaeological and environmental information relating to the monument and its surrounding landscape. It is also one of a group of dispersed barrows.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on an upland ridge overlooking the valley of a tributary to the River Wolf. It is one of a dispersed group lying along this ridge. The barrow survives as a circular mound which measures 24.9m in diameter and up to 1.6m high. It was cut on the north eastern quadrant in 1931 when a workshop, which is still standing, was constructed and consequently part of the mound was removed. There is also a central depression which measures up to 7.7m long, 4.2m wide and 0.4m deep. This may be the result of an unrecorded antiquarian excavation. On the western side a now disused vehicular track also cuts the edge of the mound. The surrounding quarry ditch from which material to construct the mound was derived is preserved as a buried feature, approximately 3m wide. The workshop and vehicular track are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34242

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX49NE10, (1990)

End of official listing