Round barrow known as Hunter Howe

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1019770

Date first listed: 09-Mar-2001

Map

Ordnance survey map of Round barrow known as Hunter Howe
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Scarborough (District Authority)

Parish: Cloughton

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 98684 97409

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Round barrows are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus of burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving examples recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of Britain, including the Wessex area where it is often possible to classify them more closely, for example as bowl or bell barrows. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite limited disturbance, the round barrow known as Hunter Howe has survived well. Significant information about the original form of the barrow and the burials placed within it will be preserved. Evidence for earlier land use and the contemporary environment will also survive beneath the barrow mound and within the buried ditch. The association with similar monuments in the area provides insight into the distribution of ritual and funerary activity across the landscape during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a round barrow which occupies a prominent position on a north east facing slope at the eastern edge of the North York Moors. It is situated on sandstone and overlooks the lower-lying boulder clay covered coastal belt. The barrow has an earth and stone mound which stands up to 2.5m high and measures up to 36m in diameter. In the centre of the mound there is a hollow caused by partial excavation in the past. The mound was originally surrounded by a ditch up to 3m wide, but this has become filled in over the years by soil slipping from the mound so that it is no longer visible as an earthwork, although a slight depression can be seen around the south western edge. The barrow lies in an area where there are many other prehistoric monuments, including ritual and funerary monuments as well as field systems and clearance cairns.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 34562

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Harding, J, 'Neolithic Studies in No Man's Land' in Reconsidering the Neolithic round barrows of eastern Yorkshire, (1996), 67-77
Spratt, D A , 'Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology in North East Yorkshire' in Prehistoric and Roman Archaeology of North East Yorkshire, , Vol. 87, (1993)
Other
Title: 2nd Edition 25" Ordnance Survey sheet 62/6 Source Date: 1928 Author: Publisher: Surveyor:

End of official listing